concept of Gotra was the first attempt
among Brahmins to classify themselves
among different groups. At the beginning,
these gentes identified themselves by
the names of eight rishis (Atri, Bharadwaja,
Gautam, Jamadagni, Kashyapa, Vasishtha,
Vishwamitra, and Agastya or Bhrigu; the
first seven of these are often enumerated
as Saptarishis). It is to be noted that
Vishwamitra was initially a Kshatriya
king, who later chose and rose to become
an ascetic rishi. Hence the gotra was
applied to the grouping stemming from
one of these rishis as his descendants.
Many lines of descent from the major rishis
were later grouped separately. Accordingly,
the major gotras were divided into ganas
(subdivisions) and each gana was further
divided into groups of families. The term
gotra was then frequently started being
applied to the ganas and to the sub-ganas.
brahmin claims to be a direct patrilenial
descendant of one of the founding rishis
of a certain gana or sub-gana. It is the
gana or sub-gana that is now commonly referred
to as gotra.
The word "gotra" means "lineage"
in the Sanskrit language. Among those of the
Brahmin caste, gotras are reckoned patrilineally.
Each gotra takes the name of a famous Rishi
or sage who was the patrilineal forebearer
of that clan. And each Gotra is addressed
by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant.
following is a partial list of gotras found
in the Brahmin community of Hindus:
* Mauna Bhargava
* Mudgala (Maudgalya, Moudgil, Modgil)
people belonging to the same gotra are,
in theory, related to each other patrilineally,
and belong to the same Brahmin caste, there
may be very little else in common between
them. The fact that people belong to a certain
gotra says nothing about their domicile,
original place of residence, mother tongue
or family occupation. It also says nothing
about what Vedic Shakha a specific family